In the past few years, Egypt has faced an energy crisis due to an increase in consumption as a result of an increasing population. Furthermore, a decrease in energy production led Egypt to decrease its gas exports since 2013, as well as import LNG (liqueﬁed natural gas) to cover national demand. However, the discovery of the Zohr gas ﬁeld will not only change the power balance in Egypt, but in the entire region.
The Italian energy company Eni discovered the Zohr gas ﬁeld in August 2015 in the Shorouk block of the Mediterranean sea at about 180 km from Port Said. It is the largest ﬁeld in the Mediterranean, laying in an area of 100 km2 at a depth of 1450 m, and with 850 billion m3 total gas reserves, which is equivalent to 5.5 billion barrels of oil.. It took 2.3 years from discovery of the ﬁeld to start up, which is considered record time. The project will involve the construction and installation of an offshore control and production platform.